Russian-Dutch cooperation in the legal field has its own history and continues to evolve. Competent state authorities of the Russian Federation and the Kingdom of the Netherlands have for many years maintained close contacts and exchanged knowledge and experience in such diverse areas as, for example, fight against crimes, functioning of penitentiary systems, organisation of police activities, legislature and law enforcement in the field of execution of judgments. 

Legal cooperation between the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation and the Ministry of Security and Justice of the Netherlands is based on the Memorandum of Understanding which was signed in October 2009 and replaced the cooperation agreement effective since 1997. On the basis of the Memorandum every two years the Ministries adopt cooperation programmes that provide for realization of specific activities. 

The programme of the Russia-Netherlands Bilateral Year 2013 included a number of landmark events in legal sphere. In May 2013, for example, a high-level delegation from The Hague, headed by the Minister of Security and Justice of the Netherlands Mr. Ivo Opstelten, as well as a delegation consisting of the heads of international legal organizations based in The Hague visited St. Petersburg to take part in the Third St. Petersburg International Legal Forum